There are a number of risk factors causing the high rates of skin cancers in Australia.

Personal factors

  1. Fair skin type that does not tan easily, often in combination with freckles, green eyes, red or blonde hair.
  2. Having a large number of moles
  3. Having a past history of skin cancers
  4. Family history of skin cancers especially melanomas
  5. Medical conditions eg organ transplant patients on immunosuppressant medications

Sun or UV exposure

  1. Excessive sun exposure, in particular sunburns during childhood
  2. Outdoor activities / sports / work
  3. Use of tanning beds /solariums
  4. Arc welding